Fungal nail infection, also known as Onychomycosis, is a mycotic infection caused by fungal invasion of the nail structure. Onychomycosis is one of the most common nail disorders, representing half of nail abnormalities in adults.
According to the data from National Skin Centre, fungal infection affects up to 38% of the adult population in Singapore. Patients require advice around foot care in order to avoid and minimise exposure to situations that predispose individuals to Onychomycosis.For example, specialist advice against prolonged exposure to damp conditions and occlusive footwear to prevent the damage of nails and to ensure meticulous hygiene of the affected foot.
You can easily catch a nail fungal infection as fungus thrive in warm, moist places like a pool deck or gym locker rooms. Spreading of fungal infections are also fairly easy; if someone has an infection and walks barefoot on the same surface before you, you can easily be infected. Having wet nails for long periods of time, like wearing sweaty shoes or soggy boots all day, can also cause toenail fungus.
Fungal Nail Facts
Fungal infection affects up to 60% of the adult population in Singapore
A fungal nail infection occurs from the overgrowth of fungi in, under, or on the nail. Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments such as Singapore, so this type of environment can cause them to naturally overpopulate.
If you have come in contact with someone else who has a fungal infection, it may have spread to you.
You’re more likely to develop a fungal nail infection if you:
- Have diabetes
- Have a disease that causes poor circulation
- Are over age of 65
- Wear artificial nails
- Swim in a public swimming pool
- Have a nail injury
- Have a skin injury around the nail
- Have moist fingers or toes for an extended time
- Have a weakened immune system
- Wear closed-toe shoes, such as tennis shoes or boots
How to Treat Fungal Nail
Treatment of fungal infections must include a combination of proper hygiene and foot care as the risk of reinfection is high. Self-care to prevent infection should be stringently practiced until the fungus is eradicated, which may take up to 18 months.
Fungal nail treatment usually begins with a nail specialist trimming your infected nail(s), cutting back each infected nail to the place where it attaches to your finger or toe. Your nail specialist may also scrape away debris under the nail. This helps get rid of some fungus.
Nevertheless, there are remedies such as PACT MED Fungal Treatment that is safe, painless and effective.
About PACT MED Fungal Treatment
The frequency of the treatment should be determined by the severity and duration of the infection, as well as the general health and age of the patient and any co-morbidities.
Process of PACT MED Fungal Treatment
- The manicurist will provide consultation with the customer, explaining the steps and solutions
- The manicurist will start off with completing the cuticle and callus work
- Alcohol will be sprayed on the infected nails. This is to ensure that the nails is disinfected prior to the treatment.
- The manicurist will proceed to cut the infected nails & clear nail debris under the nail as much as possible. This will optimise the penetration of the gel during the light treatment
- Geared with gloves, the manicurist will squirt pea size blue gel onto the cotton applicator and the gel will be spread all over the nail plates and grooves.
- The gel will be leave on for 1 minute
- Infected nails will be treated under the infrared light at a 1mm distance.